Psychoanalytic Theory According to Freud and Adler

1406 WordsJan 8, 20186 Pages
Psychoanalytic Theory According to Freud and Adler Introduction The field of psychology has produced a variety of influential theories. The major schools of thought in the field have distinct philosophical and empirical foundations which have shaped their goals as well as their methods. Although no particular school of thought has given us an exhaustive understanding of human psychology, each has produced ideas that are useful for understanding particular areas of it. The modern period of psychology has been dominated for the most part by the school of Behaviorism. The ideas of Behaviorism have been useful for understanding why human beings, in general, act and react as they do in certain situations. However, Behaviorism has been much less effective in explaining the variations in behavior among different individuals in the same situation. Sigmund Freud offered a radically different approach to psychology from that of his contemporaries. Whereas most of the leading minds in the field, particularly the Behaviorists, approached psychology as an experimental science to be studied in laboratories, Freud was a physician who approached psychology from a medical perspective. Freud attracted one disciple named Alfred Adler who later broke away from some of Freud's ideas and presented an alternative form of psychoanalysis. Thesis: Psychoanalysis has been the most influential school of psychology for understanding the variations between individuals, which experimental
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