Psychoanalytical Theory Essays

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Psychoanalytical Theory

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was the first person to initiate the thought of psychoanalysis. According to Friedlander (1947), classical Freudian psychoanalytic explanations of delinquency focus on abnormalities or disturbances in the individual’s emotional development from early childhood. Since then many people have amended his original writings and presently there are numerous versions Freud’s original psychoanalytical theory. Many of these recent versions are similar to the original version with the exception that they are updated to current times. Few new models are extremely different from Freud’s theory.

Adler, Mueller, and Laufer (2004) describe the
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86). The psychoanalytical theory focuses on the development of personality, the stages of development and the emotional problems reflecting some unconscious aspects of one’s psychological functioning. Adler, Mueller, and Laufer (2004) base this theory on three principles. First, “The actions and behavior of an adult are understood in terms of childhood development.” Second, “Behavior and unconscious motives are intertwined, and their interaction must be unraveled if we are to understand criminality.” Third, “Criminality is essentially a representation of psychological conflict” (p. 86).

Freud believes that criminality has a lot to do with the structural model of the mind. He breaks the mind down into three categories; the Id, Ego, and the Superego. “The Id is the unconscious seat of irrational, antisocial, and instinctual impulses which must be controlled and shaped for social adaptation to life in society” (Akers, 1999, p. 50). When newborn babies are born, they have biological drives that are unaffected by society. The Id can be considered the instructional forces, which focuses around sexual desires or drives. This is now the time when the infant knows nothing but the pleasure principle and when tension gets high it will only behave according to the
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