Psychodynamic Approach : Psychology, Psychology And Ego Psychology

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The Psychodynamic approach is the most traditional of all counseling theories. It encompasses four major schools of thought: Freudian (Psychoanalytic), Jungian Psychology, Adlerian Psychology and Ego Psychology. These schools share certain common assumptions about human behaviors, emotions and thoughts (BET). 1. Main Assumption: Psychodynamic theorists assume that problematic behaviors, emotions and thoughts have unconscious meanings and motivations which must be uncovered in order to effect change. 2. Human Nature: Traditional Freudians believe that people are inherently bad and are driven by their internal drives. However, the latter schools of thought have a more positive view about human nature claiming that people are born essentially good and strive to be better. 3. The Nexus of BET: While people’s behaviors, emotions and thoughts are influenced by their social interactions with others, particularly those in their childhoods, the nexus of these human experiences is essentially internal. In other words, the individual has control over them and can change their problematic BET. 4. The Therapeutic Approach: Change occurs when patients work with the counselor to uncover unconscious meanings of their BET, and learn new ways to behave, feel and think. The approach is talk and it is moderately directive in that the therapist guides the patient through the sessions, providing feedbacks and insights. 5. The Therapeutic Relationship: The therapist is objective; he is seen
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