Psychodynamic Approach To Religion

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1) As a result of the immensely diverse nature of the phenomena it intends to understand, the study of religion requires a multitude of analytic methods. Consequently, these methods may be categorized as either being grounded in empirical analysis of biological, psychological, or physiological data - producing a perspective which is exclusively characterized as outsider. Thus, according to this definition, Sigmund Freud’s application of his Oedipus Complex theory is a near perfect example of an explanatory Classical Psychological Approach to religion, claiming that individuals turn to an “omnipotent, benevolent father figure” (Kanaris) alleviate the sexual anxiety which develops when children begin viewing their parent of the opposite sex as an object of desire. In this sense, Freud negatively reduces the phenomena to an infantile form of escapism from life’s hardships. Furthermore, Freud alleges that this immature psychological response will eventually give way to “the more excellent procedure of science.”(Kanaris) This conclusion makes evident the foremost flaw of conduction studies which are purely explanatory: they tend to be…show more content…
Specifically, Eliade sought to establish “a framework for understanding the meaning and logic of symbols that represent how the sacred manifests itself throughout the history of the various religious traditions” (Kanaris) – a procedure termed Hierophany. Set out to found a comparative study of religion, in which key aspects found throughout history and across societies are drawn together to facilitate the formulation of universal religious claims, Eliade stubbornly refuses to be confined to any one field of the social sciences. Instead, he approaches religion exclusively through the eyes of the individual - beginning by imagining what qualities the ideal religious person would possess and then how they would perceive the
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