Psychodynamic Counselling Overview Essay

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Psychodynamic Counselling – Overview. Psychodynamic counselling has a long history and vast literature to condense so only a brief overview is possible here – following on from the themes already discussed and with particular focus on four psychologists: Freud, Jung, Adler and Klein. “The primary purpose of psychodynamic counselling is to help clients make sense of current situations; of memories associated with present experience, some of which spring readily to mind, others which may rise to consciousness as the counselling develops; and of the images that appear in fantasies and dreams.” (Jacobs) In essence it is concerned with the presenting past, the use of the counselling relationship in terms of its meaning for the client,…show more content…
So it is possible to say "I don’t like her behaviour" which is about a relationship in the external world or to say "I don’t feel like my usual self today" which suggests a relationship between two parts of the self, the dynamic of the internal world. Great importance is attached to past experiences and feelings. Aspects (objects) of the psyche develop in parallel with external relationships in childhood, i.e., with mother and father. In addition, the childhood perception of experiences, feelings and relationships may not match reality, so such perceptions are significant. Object relations theory A third type of relationship is added to those of the outer and inner worlds, to non-human objects. The activity is going on all the time, but is increased in some circumstances - in stressful and anxious times, in dreams. The Unconscious Freud identified the unconscious, the preconscious and the conscious in terms of mental activity. Within the unconscious are thoughts, experiences and feelings which are not easily accessible but which have great influences on the current mental activity in the conscious. Memories, half forgotten, but easy to access offer a route to the unconscious, thus belonging to the preconscious. Feelings such as grief and anger can remain in the unconscious and remain unexperienced and forgotten, that is, repressed; or
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