Psychodynamic School Vs. Behavioral School Of Psychology

2328 Words Jun 7th, 2015 10 Pages
Essay #1: Psychodynamic School vs. Behavioral School of Psychology The psychodynamic school of psychology argues that all human behavior can be seen as an interplay of drives and forces within a person—it is largely the study of human cognition and consciousness. The behavioral school of psychology, on the other hand, believes that human behavior is a product of conditioning and the actions of others; it is the study of the outside, of physical and tangible processes that shape humans. Both have practical applications in the world and both are the foundation for therapies (psychotherapy and behavioral therapy, respectively). The differences in the two approaches can be seen through Miller and Rollnick’s (2002) study on “motivational interviewing [a behavioral technique] and psychodynamic approach to the nonmotivated, precontemplative anorexic patient, particularly with respect to medical management. These techniques are not mutually exclusive.” The study defines motivation interviewing as “an approach to psychotherapy that came out of health psychology and behavioral medicine” (Miller & Rollnick, 2002). It is often used in precontemplative phase anorexic patients in order to highlight the consequences of current behavior on future outcomes and help to change/shape the patient’s behavior. And, in many cases, it’s extremely effective in helping patients move beyond the procontemplative phase to a place where they feel more willing to change. According to Miller & Rollnick…

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