Psychodynamic School Vs. Behavioral School Of Psychology

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Essay #1: Psychodynamic School vs. Behavioral School of Psychology The psychodynamic school of psychology argues that all human behavior can be seen as an interplay of drives and forces within a person—it is largely the study of human cognition and consciousness. The behavioral school of psychology, on the other hand, believes that human behavior is a product of conditioning and the actions of others; it is the study of the outside, of physical and tangible processes that shape humans. Both have practical applications in the world and both are the foundation for therapies (psychotherapy and behavioral therapy, respectively). The differences in the two approaches can be seen through Miller and Rollnick’s (2002) study on “motivational…show more content…
Because motivational interviewing is effective, it is easy to conclude that changing behavior and outlook is indeed crucial to understanding and recovering from mental illness and must, as an extension, shape human behavior. Also helpful to treatment of precontemplative phase anorexics is psychotherapy, founded in the psychodynamic approach. This part of therapy is more geared towards cognition and not behavior of anorexic patients. According to Miller & Rollnick (2002), “Key elements of the psychodynamic approach are careful examinations of resistance, defense, ambivalence, and early patterns of interpersonal relating. These themes are elaborated in, and elucidated by, transference, countertransference, fantasy, and metaphor.” All of those ideas, founded in the psychodynamic approach, aid in the understanding and treatment of anorexia, especially in unmotivated patients. Because therapy rooted in the psychodynamic approach is useful in treating anorexia, one can draw the conclusion that it is also influential on human behavior. Because both motivational interviewing and psychotherapy are beneficial in treating
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