Psychological And Social Influences On Smoking Behaviour

1202 Words Mar 8th, 2015 5 Pages
PSY101

Psychosocial Aspects of Health and Wellbeing

Year 1, Semester 2.

Coursework 1:

Psychological and social influences on smoking behaviour

Yinka Oladokun
B00669560
B.Sc. Hons Psychology

Introduction
Smoking is a particularly common and intractable addictive disorder and is the leading preventable cause of many preventable chronic illnesses and death, responsible for approximately six million annual mortalities Yet, despite the well documented consequences of smoking, despite the unequivocal benefits of quitting and despite facts such as that approximately 17,000 people die each day in the world from smoking prematurely, over a billion people around the world still continue to smoke people continue to engage in this health risk behaviour(www.who.int). This leads us to question what motivates an individual to smoke, and not to smoke.

This essay will answer this question by featuring an exploration of the motivational psychological and sociological influences on the perpetuation, maintenance and cessation of smoking, primarily focusing on the application of the Health Belief Model (HBM) to smoking, briefly discussing the roles personality and self-efficacy play in influencing individuals’ attitudes towards smoking. The sociological aspect of this essay will examine how social factors impact individuals’ smoking behaviour, emphasising the role of gender, with reference to the Social–Learning Theory (SLT).

Psychological Factors
A major social cognition…
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