Psychological, Biological Or Developmental Processes Underlying Mental Disorder

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Maisel (2013) defines mental disorder as “a syndrome characterized by the clinically significant disturbance in an individual’s cognition, emotion regulation, or behaviour that reflects a dysfunction in the psychological, biological or developmental processes underlying mental functioning”.
Research studies have suggested that individuals suffering from mental disorders are at a high risk of committing crime and are also considered a threat to society (increases moral panic) and themselves. Gregory (2004) argues that this vulnerability and moral panic comes after the closing of long-stay psychiatric institutions which provided mental health care and support to patients with mental disorders and patients were moved to community care during the regime of the Conservative government in the 1980s.
According to Yohanna (2013), there were three forces that led to deinstitutionalization as individuals with severe mental disorders were moved from hospitals into community. One of these forces was the hope that new antipsychotic medications offered a cure, secondly that community care was considered more affordable less than institutionalisation and lastly mental hospitals were considered inhumane and cruel. Although these implementations were not considered effective because researchers have claimed that deinstitutionalization led to the increase in offending and imprisonment among individuals with serious mental disorders (Wallace et al., 2000).
Wallace et al., (2000) point out
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