Psychological Disorders And Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

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Psychological disorder or mental disorder is a mind imbalance involving behaviors, thoughts and emotions that cause significant distress to self or other. Great distress means that the person is unable to meet their needs, is a danger to himself and others, or the person is unable to function properly. There are various categories of psychological disorders including, anxiety disorder, somatoform disorder, dissociative disorder, mood disorder, schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders, personality disorders, cognitive disorders, eating disorders (Cave, 2002). These disorders are discussed below. Anxiety disorders. Anxiety is an unpleasant feeling of vulnerability, fear, and apprehension. Its symptoms include trembling, inability to…show more content…
Post-traumatic stress disorder manifests itself through the experience of traumatic experiences, increased arousal, diminished interests in daily activities and avoiding reminders of the causes of the trauma. While an obsessive-compulsive disorder is a state of being preoccupied with a certain compulsive performance of given behaviors and individual thoughts. Somatoform disorder presents itself through the physical dysfunction symptoms with no identifiable organic cause. It comprises conversion disorder and hypochondriasis. Conversion disorder or hysteria manifests itself through physical dysfunctions such as deafness, blindness, paralysis, numbness among others. It allows escape from anxiety activities that are provoking(Cave, 2002. On the other hand, hypochondriasis symptoms include a person having a belief that he/she has a severe illness that is not proven medically. It involves interpreting a small sickness such as a headache to be a significant illness such as a brain tumor though no medical tests supports this interpretation. Dissociative disorders occur when a part of an individual 's personality separates from his/her other parts. These leads to lack of consciousness, memory loss and lack of integration of identity. It comprises of dissociative amnesia, dissociative fugue, and dissociative identity disorder. Dissociative amnesia occurs
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