Essay about Psychological Disorders

1399 Words Jan 15th, 2011 6 Pages
Psychological Disorders’ Presentation

“Psychological disorders are behaviors or mental processes that are connected with various kinds of distress or impaired functioning (Nevid & Rathus, 2005).” Many people battle different kinds of disorders ranging from anxiety, dissociative, somatoform, moodiness, schizophrenia, personality, and many other disorders (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). Some are so mild that people do not recognize when they have it, and some are so severe that they become a nuisance to the community. A disorder is simply an abnormal way of acting toward something. Psychologists have a reference guide called the DSM IV, which is the updated version of the DSM (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). A detailed guide that helps
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Psychodynamic theorists believe that conversions occur as a result of bad thoughts to do something harmful to someone including their self. The body creates its own symptoms and mental blocks to keep from doing something irrational (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). They subconsciously learn to act a certain way in the presence of their fear or anxiety (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). Cognitive theorists think that hypochondrias over amplify the significance of unimportant events or objects (Nevid & Rathus, 2005).
Mood disorders are rigorous annoyance of one’s mood. It is common to experience moodiness, but it is not normal to be in a bad or depressed disposition (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). Major depression and bipolar disorder are two main contributions to moodiness within one’s self. “As a result of the major depression disorder may be in a bad or depressed mood, change in appetite, problems sleeping, and/or loss of interest for anything pleasurable(Nevid & Rathus, 2005).” Women are more likely to endure depression than men are due to the lack of equality within the community and the extra burdens such as taking care of children and working (Nevid & Rathus, 2005).
A bipolar disorder consists of someone being able to go from extreme happiness to extreme depression in a split second (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). People…