Psychological Impacts Of Attachment Disorder

1311 Words6 Pages
Psychological Impacts of Attachment Disorder The theory of attachment was originally developed by John Bowlby, a British psychoanalyst who was attempting to understand the extreme anguish experienced by infants who had been estranged from their parents. Attachment is the term developmental psychologists use to describe the emotional bond between infants and one or more adults. Attachment is like a security blanket. It allows infants to venture out and explore, returning to the adult as a place of protection. It is a building block for future relationships and for the development of the child 's personality. Most infants display a secure attachment: a balance of exploration and play with the desire to remain near their mothers or…show more content…
The relationships between attachment classification, psychopathology, and personality traits during adolescence, undergoes a process of individuation, separation and profound socio-emotional changes. Throughout this period, attachment functions as a stress regulator, mediating internal security and proximity access, while emotion regulation is often linked to an increased rate of psychopathology (Rosenstein & Horowitz, 1996). Baby 's attachments develop in the following sequence: o Up to 3 months of age - Indiscriminate attachments. The newborn is predisposed to attach to any human. Most babies respond equally to any caregiver. o After 4 months - Preference for certain people. Infants they learn to distinguish primary and secondary caregivers but accept care from anyone. o After 7 months - Special preference for a single attachment figure. The baby looks to particular people for security, comfort and protection. It shows fear of strangers (stranger fear) and unhappiness when separated from a special person (separation anxiety). Some babies show stranger fear and separation anxiety much more frequently and intensely than others, but nevertheless they are seen as evidence that the baby has formed an attachment. This has usually developed by one year of age. o After 9 months - Multiple attachments. The baby becomes increasingly independent and forms several attachments. These results indicated that attachments were most
Open Document