Psychological Research Study Notes

8949 Words May 19th, 2014 36 Pages
PYC3704-- 2011

PYC3704 (2011)

Psychological
Research
Study Notes
IMPORTANT: Read through your UNISA study guide first!
 Get an overview of the module and then study each Topic individually
 Use this guide in conjunction with the UNISA guide- it is NOT a substitute
 If you have previous question papers- PLEASE DON‟T RELY ON THESE, you need to UNDERSTAND the content of this module if you want to pass and carry on to complete your Honours!

1

PYC3704-- 2011

Table of Contents
1. What to memorise for the exam……………………………………………….…………………… P. 3

2. Table of symbols……………………………………………………………….……………………… P. 4

3. Basic overview of the steps taken in research………………………….……………………….. P. 5

4. Topic 1: THEORY, HYPOTHESIS AND
…show more content…
creativity, depression, etc



Created to EXPLAIN certain observations 

RESEARCH DESIGNS:
1.

2.

GROUPS DESIGN: Compare 2 or more
POPULATION groups. E.g. Male and Female student IQ scores
CORRELATIONAL DESIGN: Look for a relationship between two or more variables in a single sample. E.g. does stress affect your diet? ↕

Construct 3 → Construct 4

2 STEPS: From a hypothetical to an OPERATIONAL
DEFINITION
STEP 1: Specify the
OBSERVABLE behaviour:
E.g. anxiety- sweaty palms, avoiding stress

STEP 2: Formulate a SCORE from the observable behaviour



Can have different values E.g. height, IQ, stress
Can VARY in quantity/ quality

Levels of Measurement
1. Nominal (categorical)
2. Ordinal (rank ordered)
3. Interval, e.g. IQ
4. Ratio, e.g. Score- 0%-100%
*Interval and Ratio can be REDUCED to nominal, e.g. Low IQ / High IQ
2 TYPES OF VARIABLE:
1. MANIFEST: behavioural instances, indicators, referents, etc (you can
SEE them!)
2. LATENT: hidden variable, intervening, hypothetical, factor
(they are HIDDEN!)
* Also we get dependent
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