Psychological Theory Of Crime Is The Psychoanalytical Theory

1988 Words Nov 23rd, 2014 8 Pages
One psychological theory of crime is the psychoanalytical theory. Developed by Freud, this theory suggests that innate desires and repressed emotions are what shapes individual behaviour and are thus the cause of offending behaviours. Freud proposes that the mind is made up of 3 components: the Id, the ego and the superego. The Id is a part of the unconscious mind that we are born with; it is dominated by aggressive drives that are monitored by the ego. The superego, unlike the Id, develops as a result of early social experiences and is the ‘moral guardian’ of an individual. Due to this, criminal behaviour can be seen to be an expression of buried internal conflicts that have resulted due to deprivations experienced at childhood, such as the disruption of attachments , as an individual has not had the correct role models in early life to allow the ego to balance the primeval desires of the id and the internalized conscious of the superego. This can result in the failure to control drives associated with the ‘pleasure principle’ or sublimation; when unsatisfied instinctual desires are often channelled into other forms of behaviour and inner desires and hidden emotions are acted out. (Healy and Bronner 1936) This is due to the fact that everyone has the capacity to be aggressive, due to the Id, but owing to the ‘correct’ upbringing learn to express it in socially acceptable forms, such as sport. However those with this internal conflict are seen to express this aggression…
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