Psychology And Cognitive Science, Confirmation Bias ( Or Confirmatory Bias )

1074 Words May 8th, 2016 5 Pages
In psychology and cognitive science, confirmation bias (or confirmatory bias) is a tendency to search for or interpret information in a way that confirms one 's preconceptions, leading to statistical errors. It is a type of cognitive bias and represents an error of inductive inference toward confirmation of the hypothesis under study.
Confirmation bias is a phenomenon wherein decision makers have been shown to actively seek out and assign more weight to evidence that confirms their hypothesis, and ignore or underweigh evidence that could disconfirm their hypothesis.
As such, it can be thought of as a form of selection bias in collecting evidence.
An individual might even seek out "proof" that further backs up this belief, while discounting examples that do not support this idea.
Unlike other similar concepts such overconfidence bias or anchoring, confirmation biases impact how people gather information, but they also influence how people interpret and recall information. For example, people who support or oppose a particular issue will not only seek information that supports their beliefs, they will also interpret news stories in a way that upholds their existing ideas and remember things in a way that also reinforces these attitudes.

Therefore, this concept is important because without seeking for objective facts, interpreting information in a way that only supports one’s existing beliefs, and only remembering details that uphold these beliefs, people often miss important…
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