Psychology And The Implication Of Child Psychology

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Developmental psychology is a scientific approach which aims to explain how children and adults change over time. A significant proportion of theories within this discipline focus upon development during childhood, as this is the period during an individual's lifespan when the most change occurs. Developmental psychologists study a wide range of theoretical areas, such as biological, social, emotion, and cognitive processes. Normative development is typically viewed as a continual and cumulative process. However, it should be noted that people can change if important aspects of one's life change. This capacity for change is called plasticity. For example, Rutter (1981) discovered than somber babies living in understaffed orphanages often become cheerful and affectionate when placed in socially stimulating adoptive homes.
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The number of careers for those with developmental psychology backgrounds continues to grow, making this area of psychology one of the most marketable in today's changing economic environment. They may conduct research, teach in schools and colleges or work in clinics factories. One reason for growth in this area centers on an aging population with longer life expectancies. Developmental psychologists specialize in social, cognitive, and physiological development during any of the following life stages: infancy, childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. They also work with patients struggling with developmental disabilities. Some developmental psychologists work exclusively with elderly individuals attempting to live independently. Developmental psychologists conduct research to determine whether behavioral problems are linked to genetics or social environments. Understanding the root of behavioral and developmental problems is important when recommending
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