Psychology: Attachment Theory

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AS Psychology - Attachment Revision What is Attachment?:- “Attachment is the close bond between two people which endures over time and leads to certain behaviors such as proximity seeking, clinging and distress on separation, These behaviors serve the function of protecting an infant” Exam Question 1: ‘Explain Bowlby’s theory of attachment?’ (For top marks, mention: Social releasers, Sensitive Period, Montropy, internal model and the continuity hypothesis): * “Bowlby’s theory of attachment is an evolutionary theory that suggests the behaviours demonstrated by caregivers and babies are an innate and indistinctive drive to form attachment and have evolved through natural selection. * According to Bowlby, forming an attachment…show more content…
“The learning theory which suggests we form attachment by learning a set of learnt behaviours differs from Bowlby’s evolutionary theory of attachment, which suggests that attachment occurs because is it innate drive that promotes survival, because unlike Bowlby’s theory, it suggests we learn by association and reinforcement and not through adaptive behaviours. Another difference between the two theories is that in the learning theory, attachment is said to be solely learnt through teaching by caregivers, whereas Bowlby’s evolutionary theory suggests that there is an indistinctive drive to form attachment which has evolved through natural selection.” Exam Question 2: ‘What is the Learning Theory?’ (For top marks, mention:): The learning theory suggests that we form attachments by learning a set of learnt behaviours. The theory also suggests that attachment formation is based upon two set principles, classical conditioning, which is learning through association and operant conditioning, which is learning through reinforcement. Classical Conditioning: Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov first described this type of learning through conducting research on the salvation reflexes in dogs recording how much they salivated each time they were fed. The physiologist found that dogs started salivating before they were fed and as soon as they heard the door open which meant they had come to associate the door opening with the arrival of food.
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