Psychology Is A Scientific Discipline That Studies The

1617 WordsMay 11, 20177 Pages
Psychology is a scientific discipline that studies the mind, how it works and how it affects an individual’s behaviour. Over time, psychodynamic, behavioural, cognitive, humanistic and evolutionary perspectives have been developed for understanding of psychological occurrences (Burton, Westen & Kowalski, 2015). They continue to contribute to the way that psychologists, health professionals and others look at human behaviour and mental processes. In an allied health context, it is important to not only be aware of physical problems presented by patients, but to also be aware of their mental and social condition. In fact, “the biopsychosocial model reflects the belief that biological, psychological, and social factors interact in an…show more content…
In 1974, Baddeley and Hitch proposed that short term memory be replaced with working memory- composed of a central executive to direct attention towards information from a phonological loop for speech based information or visuospatial sketchpad for visual information as well as an easily accessible component for storage, the episodic buffer (Baddeley, 2004). When information is repeated in a process called ‘rehearsal’ and elaborated upon, it is transferred to Long Term Memory (LTM), a type of memory that stores more information, but does not allow it to be easily accessed (Burton, Westen & Kowalski, 2015). Long term memory can be further classified as explicit or implicit, also called declarative and procedural. These terms differentiate between memories that one is consciously aware of and those that people automatically recall, allowing someone to know how to carry out a procedure without consciously remembering every step (Zimmerman, 2014). Riding a bike is an example of the use of procedural memory. Episodic memory, formed from experiences, and semantic memory, general knowledge, are the two kinds of declarative memory (The University of Queensland, 2016). With an understanding of roles played by each type of memory, consequences of impairment can be determined. For instance, impairment in LTM would limit the amount of information one can retain for an extended period of time. This may be because of
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