Psychology Observation Aspects: Biases, Assumptions, and Interpretations

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Introduction Biases, assumptions and interpretations affect all areas of study. In Science and History, for example, sexual, racial/cultural and personal experience biases significantly influence research. In addition, Perspectivism can empty research findings of all meaning, depending on whether the researcher believes facts exist independent of perspective. Acceptance of universal Perspectivism, combined with triangulated comparison from several sources, can result in "approximate truth." Body Kinds of Biases, Assumptions, And Interpretations That May Affect The Seemingly Objective Observation Of Events The biases, assumptions and interpretations that may affect the seemingly objective observation of events may well be too numerous to completely mention. Put simply and dryly, The sources of bias in research are "conditions or circumstances which affect the external validity of statistical results" (Helberg, 1996). However, the course readings speak of several pronounced biases, assumptions and interpretations in the areas of sexuality, race/culture and personal experience. Emily Martin explores some ways in which cultural stereotypes of male and female behavior permeate scientific descriptions of the ovum, sperm and reproduction, imposing "sleeping metaphors" that skew researchers' perspectives (Martin, 1991). Giving "personhood" to the reproductive cells of ova and sperm, biologists have imbued those cells with their own sexist notions of male and female behavior:
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