Psychology Of The Bystander During The Holocaust

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Psychology of the Bystander during the Holocaust
Cognitive categorization, varying worldviews and self-image are important subjects that have gained unprecedented momentum in the contemporary study of holocaust. Scholars have increasingly demonstrated devotion into the understanding of the constellation that existed among the Nazis, Church, German professionals, and above all, the non-Jews communities. Most of the academic studies have focused their attention on the psychology of the perpetrator, herein referred to as the Nazis. They have analyzed what drove the Nazi regime to annihilate the Jews community. However, significant gaps still need to be filled with regard to the role played by on-lookers or bystanders in enhancing the holocaust. It was not only a case of the neighbour turning the perpetrator of senseless murder, but one in which the neighbour refused to open the door for fellow neighbours in times of need. This treatise explores the psychology of the bystander with regard to how non-Jews communities, institutions such as the church, and nations reacted to the holocaust.
Writing on political psychology, Monroe (2008) identifies the confluence of forces that work together to create genocide. He defines genocide as ‘intentional destruction of a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group’ (Monroe 669). Some of these factors include structural political factors which entail totalitarian administrations, political opposition or lack

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