Psychology Paper and Self Reflection

1978 Words Feb 25th, 2011 8 Pages
Self-Reflection Related to Influential Psychology Theories When psychologists were first acknowledged they began studying behaviors and biological processes. There are numerous recognized psychologists that have contributed to the seven major perspectives of today’s modern psychology. These theories include: Evolutionary theory, sociocultural theory, biopsychological theory, psychoanalytic theory, cognitivism, humanistic theory and behaviorism. The three theories that I would like to describe, analyze and reflect upon are the behaviorism, cognitivism and psychoanalytic. The term “behaviorism” developed from the renowned behavioral psychologist named
John B. Watson (Molm, 2005). Many influential theorists became associated with
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The cognitivism theory emphasizes on thoughts, perception and information processing. It is one of the most influential modern-day approaches to psychology and one that I find very interesting. Jean Piaget “generated the most influential and comprehensive theory of cognitive development” (Dewolfe, 2005, p.173). His perspective involved describing how the maturing child interacts with the environment resulting in predictable sequences of changes in certain crucial understandings of the world (Dewolfe, 2005). He focused his research on children from birth to adolescence.
Using these concepts Piaget developed stages of cognitive development (Younger et al., 2010). This consists of four stages of cognitive development that everyone goes through as children. The first is sensorimotor from birth to age two. In this stage senses and motor skills are developing the most and you lack object permanence. The second is preoperational from age two to seven where symbols and language begin to take shape. Next is the concrete operational stage from age seven to eleven where you can perform concrete operations on concrete objects but you can’t yet think abstractly or hypothetically. Finally, the formal operational stage from age eleven and up is where abstract knowledge and thinking hypothetically is developed (Younger et al., 2010). This can be a very useful tool to better
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