Psychology: Psychoanalysis and Humanism

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The different psychological schools of thought reflect ideas and emotions of each time period in which they developed, and yet it can be said that they still have relevant value today. Each approach to psychology –the biological, the humanistic, the cognitive, the behavioural and the psychoanalytical– all have relevance in today’s society in their own ways, as well as having distinguishing features yet similar aspects to their teachings. As an example of this, when we first look between psychoanalysis and humanism, we can name the basic and drastic differences between these theories. For starters, the time frame between the development of each spans around fifty years, with Freud growing his idea of psychoanalysis in the 1890’s, and the…show more content…
This ‘hierarchy of needs’ is often portrayed in a pyramid form and consists of five different needs. The four lowest of these needs –the physiological, the security needs, the social needs and the esteem needs– are known as deficiency needs which humanists believe need to be satisfied in order for the individual to live happily and move forward. The negative version of these needs is low self-esteem and inferiority complexes (Boeree, 1998). The next level of needs, the growth needs, differ as these are more concerned with your own personal desire to grow as a person, and not necessarily stages you must go through in order to be happy and well adjusted. These self-realisation/ self-actualising needs sit at the top of the pyramid. Indeed, the humanistic view in general is based around the idea that each individual controls and must take responsibility for their own happiness and mental health. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory has the similar principle of Freud’s theory of development as they are both concerned with life stages ,as well as being based on the belief that an individual can’t skip any such stages. Along with these personal growth and developmental needs, humanists and psychoanalysts are also both highly interested in personality types, and how our personas function consciously as well as unconsciously. Humanists such as Carl Rogers theorised that an individual’s
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