Psychology Started Looking At Stress From A Behavioural

1101 WordsMar 22, 20175 Pages
Psychology started looking at stress from a behavioural point of view. However, as it developed it started taking into account other perspectives. This essay will focus on the perceptions of stress. Also, it will discuss how stress models have changed throughout history including various examples and considering influences it has today. Early models of stress put the main emphasis on physiological aspects. Walter Cannon studied in the early 1930s the involvement of hormones in stress reactions. He introduced the fight or flight response theory which is influential to this day (Morrison & Bennett, 2016). The researcher Hans Selye developed the general adaption syndrome model (Pacak, Palkovits, Yadid, Kvetnansky, Kopin, & Goldstein, 1998).…show more content…
The stress theories at this point fail to explain the psychological or emotional aspect of stress. The life events theory, introduced by Holmes and Rahe in 1967 takes into account the psychological causes of stress (Bennett, 2000). Their theory claims that life events ranked according to their severity, could add up to cause stress. They could also be weighed against each other lessening stress (Morrison & Bennett, 2016). However, it can’t explain why people who experience the same life events feel different amounts of stress (Bennett, 2000). Further, it fails to consider the emotional experience of stress (Bennett, 2000). A study by Kanner and colleagues (1981) refutes Holmes and Rahe’s assumption that major life events have a greater impact on stress pointing out the limitations of the life events theory. The researchers concentrated on the everyday hassles in life and found their importance comparing them to perceived stress. They found larger relation between hassles and psychological symptoms than between life events and psychological symptoms. Thus, focussing on life changing events, the theory shows limitations in regards to explaining everyday stress. One of the most recent models has been introduced by Richard Lazarus and colleagues. He put emphasis on work with humans rather than non-human animals, as Selye and Cannon did, which opened up new perspectives (Bennett, 2000). The human ability to plan ahead and make up scenarios is a
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