Essay about Psychology: The Study of Behavior and Mental Process

1347 Words 6 Pages
Psychology is the study of behavior and the mental process. The mental process is the steps the mind takes to think, feel, etc., while behavior is just simply how one acts. In the beginning, philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle wrote about the relationship of the body and the soul. Psychologists and medical doctors wondered about the connection between the body and the brain whereas philosophers tried to explain the connections between the mind and the body. Psychologists study the process of sense, perception, thinking, learning, cognition, personality, behavior, and emotions and motivations, abnormal behavior, interactions between individuals, and interactions with the environment. In 1879, Wilhelm Wundt opened the Institute for Experimental Psychology at the University of Leipzig in Germany. He became regarded to as the father of psychology because he analyzed the jobs of the mind in a more organized way. Wundt’s process was called objective introspection which involves examining a person’s emotional and mental processes. His aim was to record sensations and thoughts. The institute became a focal point for German philosophers and psychology students and eventually for American and British students also. Edward B. Tichener extended, his professor, Wilhelm Wundt’s original ideas and called his new standpoint structuralism. Structuralism was centered around breaking down mental processes into its basic elements. It is broken down into sensations, images and feelings.…