Psychology and Impact Personality Development

1997 Words8 Pages
1. Define personality.
2. Analyze how biological, situational and mental processes impact personality development.
3. Discuss social and cultural contributions to personality development.
4. Describe the major dispositional theories of personality.
5. Describe the major process theories of personality.
6. Evaluate the major personality theories.
7. Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of commonly used personality assessment techniques, validity, reliability.

Define personality.
Personality
* Is a unique and relatively stable ways in which people think, feel and behave * Is shaped by biological, situational, and mental processes in a sociocultural and development context * Impacts people’s cognition, motivation and
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one would play with an outgoing child more than an inhibited one pushes inhibited child towards shyness * E.g. observational learning
Traits
* Emerge from temperaments and influenced by experiences * Guides thoughts and actions under various conditions * Relatively stable * BIG 5 Traits * Openness to experience, Conscientious, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism * Has validity across cultures (but most of these studies utilized university students as respondents who are more influenced by European-American views * Quite accurate * Labels a person but gives no explanation on why

Evaluation of Trait Theories
X Portrayed personality as fixed and static rather than a process that can undergo development changes depending on experiences
X oversimplified our complex nature
X Do not tell much
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