Psychology of Confessions

1852 Words Jul 14th, 2018 8 Pages
1. BRIEFLY describe what happened in the Central Park Jogger case (2 points)
In 1989, a female jogger was beaten, raped, and then left to die in Central Park (Kassin, 2005). The police arrested 5 boys from age 14-16 years old and of African American or Hispanic descent. The police induced confessions from these five boys and they were convicted for the crime. However, 13 years later, a man named Matias Reyes confessed voluntarily to committing the crime and DNA evidence proved his confession to be the truth. This case represents the problem of wrongful convictions that plague the justice system.
2. What verbal cues, nonverbal cues, and behavioral attitudes are investigators directed to attend to by Inbau, Reid, Buckley, and Jane? How
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Individuals who have no prior felony records are more likely to waive their rights as compared to individuals who have experience in criminal justice like prior crimes committed. Also, people who are innocent are more likely to waive their rights than suspects who are guilty.
6. What does it mean to say that interrogation is a “guilt-presumptive process”? (2 points)
The guilt-presumptive process is a two-step interrogation theory (Kassin, 2005). In this process, the investigator has a strong belief regarding the guilt of a suspect and measures success by the ability to elicit a confession from the suspect. The combination of police investigators making false-positive errors in deception when pre-interrogating a suspect and innocent people’s tendency to waive their Miranda rights increase the likelihood that detectives questioning the innocent suspect will presume guilt. Police become caught up in their initial beliefs about guilt of a suspect that they become motivated to reinforce those beliefs. Once people have come to form an initial impression of another person, they often look for, interpret, and create behavioral data to reinforce their beliefs.
7. Summarize the Kassin, Goldstein, & Savitsky (2003) study (4 points)
In a two-phase study, Kassin, Goldstein, & Savitsky (2003) examined How the presumption of guilt had shaped the conduct of the student interrogators, the suspects they were interrogating, and the

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