Psychology of Terrorist Group Recruitment Essay

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Psychology of terrorist group recruitment Introduction Terrorism is one of the greatest threats facing humanity in the modern society. There has been an increase in the number of terrorist organizations and terror attacks that are conducted by groups in pursuit of divergent ideologies (Burleigh, 2009). Since the 9/11 terror attacks in the United States, terrorism has been recognized as a serious problem that calls for a global and coordinated response by governments across the world. Many countries have invested heavily in intelligence-gathering and purchase of hardware and technology needed to detect and neutralize terrorist attacks. However, this has not stopped the threat faced from terrorism and these attacks continue unabated…show more content…
Some of these forms of recruitment will be briefly discussed below; Public and proximate This is the first form of terrorist recruitment and in this case, recruitment is performed face to face in a place that is visible to authorities and the general public (Reich, 1998). It may be done in refugee camps, prisons and large scale wartime occurrences such as occupations and others. The terrorist group recruiters usually target small groups or individuals who are prime candidates for recruitment. This form of recruitment occurs regardless of opposition from the authority due to fear of polarizing the attitudes of the audience, inadequate legislation, or political sensitivity among others factors (Reich, 1998). Public and mediated This is another form of terrorist group recruitment and it is usually broader and resembles propaganda. In this recruitment method, mass media is utilized, such as televised advertisements for groups that are within reach of the government and legislation (Reich, 1998). It may also include media channels and websites whose domain names and passwords are in the public domain. The terrorist groups that use this strategy usually target regional demographic or population strata including young teenagers who usually gather at a particular place or members of a unique religious congregation (Reich, 1998). This method of recruitment is usually indirect since physical communication may not be sustainable or
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