Psychopathology Diagnostic Classification Systems ( Dsm ) Or The International Classification Of Diseases ( Icd )

1656 Words Sep 14th, 2015 7 Pages
This paper agrees with the statement “psychopathology diagnostic classification systems (such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) or the International Classification of Diseases (ICD)) are of little use to health professionals and patients because behaviours are often misidentified and medicalised”. To support this argument, this paper will discuss the most important four main points that contribute to the subjective judgement of DSM and the limitations in validity, reliability and utility of DSM: subjectivity of DSM, medicalisation of psychiatric disorders, influence of pharmaceutical industry and cultural bias.
A concern of the DSM is that all diagnostic criteria in DSM are based on symptoms that are largely subjective and descriptive as DSM does not provide lists of signs, as criteria for diagnosis (Johnstone, 2008). Such subjectivity of DSM poses a challenge even for experienced clinicians who use the DSM and ICD criteria and also cause diagnostic unreliability. It is argued by Johnstone (2008) that psychiatric symptoms without signs cannot be evidence of a particular condition. The “How Mad Are You?” video by Liddell & Jay (2008) supports the claim that the subjectivity of DSM criteria creates low reliability and validity for a majority of the patients. In this video, there were ten volunteers who participated in this study, of which five had a history of psychiatric disorders and five with no history of psychiatric disorders. A…
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