Psychosocial Development in Middle Childhood

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Children in middle childhood are growing psychosocially at a quick rate. During middle childhood they become industrious, develop a self-concept, and learn how to be friends, amongst other things.
In Erickson’s Stages of Development a child in middle childhood, (or children from age six to age eleven), move through the industry versus inferiority stage. This stage is marked by the child working to gain new skills and in general just being productive (Click P. M., Parker J., 2002, p. 89). A child who is successful in their attempts will gain confidence in themselves and move on into adolescence firmly on the industrious side. A child who is not successful in acquiring the skills they try will move on to the adolescent stage with the mindset
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They will become more materialistic, and desperate for the positive attention of their peers as they continue to grow (Berger K. S., 2010, p. 286).
During middle childhood a person’s peers become important, and not just for social comparison. Friendships become much more intense during middle childhood, demanding things like loyalty and secrecy. Children learn how to be good friends during this time period. If they have no friends by the end of this developmental period then they are more likely to be depressed in adolescence (Berger K. S., 2010, p 305).
Child culture surrounds the children, and grows separately from adult culture. It includes all the rules, superstitions, and stories that children learn from slightly older children. Examples of child culture are; hand clapping games, jump rope rhymes, and stories about Bloody Mary. Child culture also “encourages independence from adults” (Berger K. S., 2010, p. 304), usually through name-calling the ones who don’t fall into line. The child will often seek out friends who are rebellious towards adults, including their parents.
The way a family raises their child will affect how a child will grow. The family structure determines who is in their immediate vicinity, and the family function determines how they care for each other. Family structures can vary widely, from the nuclear family to the single-parent home to the adoptive family. During middle
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