Psychosocial Model Essay

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For psychosocial model of parental supervision behaviour, the study will analyse the hospitalisations due to Injury-related events. New Zealand has been coding the diagnoses and external causes of injury for hospitalised cases over 30 years. For injury-related hospitalised cases, the sample was set to those hospitalisations with the possible diagnosis of injury (S00-T98 in ICD-10 coding). S00-S99 indicates that the injury is related to single-body region. T00-T98 refers to the injury related to unspecified body regions (Davie et al., 2008)
The dates of admission and discharge were found to be the same in 40% of all hospitalised cases in initial analysis. Among these cases, one third were managed in Emergency Departments. In New Zealand, hospital admission is defined by three hour rule. All hospital events with a treatment time of more than three hours are counted as admissions. For analysis of adult admissions, some analysts, including those from the Ministry of Health, exclude all hospitalised cases who admitted to an Emergency Department and discharged alive at the same day to ensure regional and time series comparability (Craig et al., 2013; Simpson et al., 2016). Such an approach is not suitable in the paediatric context. In large urban centres, children presenting acute symptoms are tended to assess in specialist paediatric
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As our study focuses on the preschool children, home is assumed to be the only water source for the sample population. Therefore, the fluoridation exposure of these children were determined by home fluoridation status. There are four nominal values: Fluoridated, Partly-fluoridated, Non-fluoridated and Unknown. For determining the status of fluoridation exposure, those who were accessible to community fluoridated or partly-fluoridated water were determined to have exposure. Those utilising non-fluoridated water were determined as not having
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