Public Administration

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Midterm Essay: Classical Organizational Theory Liberty University February 5, 2014 Midterm Essay: Classical Organizational Theory "Classical Organizational Theory deals with the 'systematic processes necessary to make bureaucracy more efficient and effective.' Name three scholars that are credited with the development of classical organization thought that most correctly fit into this definition of Classical Organizational Theory. What were the basic arguments articulated by each in their contributions to the development of Classical Organizational Theory?" Classical organizational theory supports two views. Scientific management which focuses on managing work and employees and administrative management which addresses issues which…show more content…
Another point is the selection of personnel which deals with training, teaching and developing workers. Another point is management cooperation which deals with how managers work with employees to ensure that all assigned work is done according to the principles of the plan and functional supervising which deals with the planning, organizing and decision-making activities and how workers perform their jobs. Henri Fayol was an Engineer and French industrialist. He recognizes the management principles rather than personal traits. Fayol was the first to identify management as a continuous process of evaluation. Fayol developed five management functions. These functions are roles performed by all managers which includes planning, organizing, commanding, coordinating and controlling. Additionally, he recognizes fourteen principles that should guide management of organizations. Luther Gulick was a specialist in municipal finance and administration. He expanded Fayol’s five management principles into seven functions. These functions include planning, organizing, staffing, directing, coordinating, reporting and budgeting. Max Weber was a German sociologist who first described the concept of bureaucracy, an ideal form of organizational structure. He defines bureaucratic administration as the exercise of control on the
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