Public Attitude Towards Immigration At Supranational, National And Regional Level

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Introduction
From the late 1950s European countries adopted the ‘Guest Worker Programme’ and have hosted many people from all over the world; as the number of immigrants has increased, domestic economic growth has been likely to decline (Hatton, 2014b). In particular, the regional integration has remarkably deepened and widened for the last two decades; as a result, the EU citizens have been allowed to move within the area freely without complicated registration and immigration including people from outside of the EU has been an emergent concern for the EU members (Pinder and Usherwood, 2013: 93). Some researchers investigated public attitude towards immigration at supranational, national and regional level in Europe. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate those empirical researches on public attitude towards immigration. First of all, this paper will analyse public’s general attitude in the EU countries. Secondly, British general attitude will be examined; finally, Scottish attitude will be dealt with for the purpose of the further research.

The EU level (Supranational level)
Within the EU, immigration is one of the highly salient issues (Balestirini, 2015: 3; Cerna, 2013: 1; Rustenbach, 2010: 53). Some studies examined public attitudes toward immigration in Europe with analysing cross-sectional survey such as European Social Survey (ESS) and Eurostat. According to Hatton (2014a: ) and Balestrini (2015: 9), people in different countries showed different attitude toward
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