Public Health Authorities Need to Conduct Public Health Surveillance

1590 Words Jan 28th, 2018 6 Pages
Question 1 - Using HIV/AIDS as an example to discuss why public health authorities need to conduct public health surveillance and to describe how surveillance system is managed in Australia (9 marks) (Up to 800 words)
Public health surveillance is defined as the ongoing systematic collection, collation, analysis and interpretation of outcome-specific data for public health purposes, closely integrated with the timely dissemination of public health information for assessment and public health response for preventing and controlling disease as necessary (Thacker & Stroup; Thacker et al.1994; World Health Assembly, 2005). The surveillance method used for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infections in Australia is similar to these methods used for other diseases, aiming at reducing high-risk behaviors, lowering the incidence of transmission and infection.
Firstly, the surveillance system for HIV/AIDS draws a unique epidemiological picture of magnitude and trends in the prevalence of infection, resource allocation, targeted groups and risk behavior over time. It describes the pattern of transmission of HIV/AIDS, viral hepatitis, and other specific sexually transmissible infections. Secondly, It monitors an information cycle for collection and exchange between different public health institutions between clinical and laboratory facilities, infection…

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