Public Health Nurses : The Leading Cause Of Death Among Girls Essay

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Complications from pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of death among girls ages 15-19 in LMIC’s (Morris & Rushwan, 2015). The primary reason for these preventable death-causing complications is that teenagers are not properly supplied with contraceptives. Due to these unplanned and unwanted pregnancies approximately 4.5 million teenage girls undergo an abortion each year, with an estimated 3 million of them being performed unsafely (Morris & Rushwan, 2015). Some detrimental complications that may occur from an unsafe abortion are “cervical tearing, perforated uterus and bowel, hemorrhage, chronic pelvic infection and abscesses, infertility, endotoxic shock, renal failure, and death (Morris & Rushwan).” These are potential health problems that can haunt these young girls for the rest of their lives. By arming them with ways to avoid these unwanted pregnancies as community healthcare nurses we can spare them from these torturous side effects. Public health nurses can play a vital role in educating teenage girls on the different methods, benefits, and informatics of contraceptives available to them.
Research has demonstrated a correlation between race/ethnicity and teenage pregnancy and prevention rates. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention has compiled statistical evidence from surveys conducted in 1995, 2002, and 2006-2010 in the United States. The article Sexual Experience and Contraceptive Use Among Female Teens—United States 1995, 2002, 2006-2010 by

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