Public Health Problem : Diabetes Disease Among Youth

1803 Words Jul 8th, 2015 8 Pages
I. Public Health Problem: Diabetes Disease Among Youth
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) Diabetes is projected to be the 7th leading cause of death by 2030. 350 million people are affected by diabetes worldwide. (WHO, 2014) In 2012, an estimated 30 million are American and of them –210,000 are children and young adolescents under 20. (ADA, 2012) Diabetes mellitus, or commonly referred to as diabetes, is a chronic and non-infectious disease where there is an increase in blood glucose, sugar that our bodies use for energy. An organ close to the stomach, called the pancreas, produces insulin that regulates glucose and allows it to function properly. When an individual is affected with diabetes there is either a deficiency in insulin or rejection in insulin, where the body is unable to use it properly; both of these occurrences causes the glucose to accumulate in the blood and cause severe health complications in the future. (CDC, 2015)
Diabetes is the third most prevalent chronic disease among youth in the United States. There are currently two major types of diabetes that are commonly found in children –type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D.) (Mayer-Davis et al, 2009) T1D is the deficiency of insulin, the body is unable to produce insufficient to no amount of insulin. T1D can be attributed to genetics, autoimmune destruction of Beta Cells, and environmental factors. Certain genes influence susceptibility to T1D and identify the risk of T1D; autoimmune…
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