Public Health Problem : Diabetes Disease Among Youth

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I. Public Health Problem: Diabetes Disease Among Youth According to the World Health Organization (WHO) Diabetes is projected to be the 7th leading cause of death by 2030. 350 million people are affected by diabetes worldwide. (WHO, 2014) In 2012, an estimated 30 million are American and of them –210,000 are children and young adolescents under 20. (ADA, 2012) Diabetes mellitus, or commonly referred to as diabetes, is a chronic and non-infectious disease where there is an increase in blood glucose, sugar that our bodies use for energy. An organ close to the stomach, called the pancreas, produces insulin that regulates glucose and allows it to function properly. When an individual is affected with diabetes there is either a deficiency in…show more content…
(NIH, 2015) According to Maahs (2010), SEARCH, a diabetic youth organization, attempted to identify the incident and prevalent of youth in the U.S. and discovered that non-Hispanics were affected by T1D more than any other races and female children were higher at risk in diabetes compared to male children. As of 2008, the T1D had almost double in adolescents worldwide. T1D was predominantly the only diabetes found in youth, until T2D started to affect youth primarily due to overweight and physical inactivity (Al-Rubeaan, 2015) Obesity and overweight is a gateway disease for chronic diseases like T2D. (Mokdad, 2003) Unlike T1D, T2D is not dependent on insulin, instead it is that their bodies are resistant to insulin and therefore use it incorrectly or not at all. (Maahs, West, Lawrence, and Mayer-Davis, 2010) The incidence of T2D in children, worldwide, have been increasing an alarming rate –10 times between 1967 and 1997. In the U.S. alone T2D has increased by 30.5% during this past decade, due to child obesity and not enough exercise. (Al-Rubeaan, 2015) Diabetes in children poses a larger threat compared to adults in health complications because they are struck with diabetes at such a young age, that when they become adults they will develop more serious long-term
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