Public Policy Making Model

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4. Both non-clinical (socioeconomic and demographic) and clinical factors affect the health of the population. These determinants are affected either negatively or positively by health policy. Whether the government means to or not, policies can enable some alarming disparities in health. Such disparities is the lack of social services such as sickness benefits, medical services for the elderly, better disease preventive care, and others. Many policies do not address some of the health determinants which determine the health outcome of a particular population. Not all policies affect negatively, such as higher tax on tobacco. Many policies, however, address the entire nation and not a particular population which may have worse conditions…show more content…
Judicial- consists lower courts as well as Supreme Court. This branch develops case law. This branch also preserves rights and resolves disputes.
7. Policy formation is very specific in that there are steps in this process. The manner in which it is formed can be defined in the Public Policy Making Model.
a. The first step in any policy is the Policy Formulation Phase. Within this step is the Agenda Setting step which identifies a problem, its possible solutions, and political interactions. During the formulation phase any groups from branches of government to interest groups may be involved. Proposals from different angles may be approached. The issue will end up with a tangible outcome. The bill will go before Legislature for the list of rules. If these rules pass, or the court solidifies a decision in a case then the policy is adopted.
b. The next phase is the implementation of the policy. These policies are enforced or implemented. This phase is enacted after the law is passed. Implementation is enforced by government organizations or the allocated agencies which have direct effect of the new
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John Kingdon lists the first stage for health policy is the agenda setting. There are a list of concerns or problems which officials are troubled about. In order to move an issue higher up onto the agenda list they encounter three processes which are: Problems, proposals, and politics. Problems relate to the issue at hand and the way those who have a say in whether or not those problems deserve more looking into. This leads into proposals. This portion is the process in how the policy is introduced, discussed upon, reviewed, and adopted. The politics section is focused on the political influences in regards to the agenda at
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