Punishment Vs Rehabilitation Essays : Punishment And Rehabilitation

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Rebelo 1
Michelle Rebelo
PS 102-01: Dr. Howell Williams
May 11, 2017
Punishment vs Rehabilitation In all of the countries on Earth, there is some form of system that criminals go through when they commit a crime. Some are harsher than others, and each is different. But which is most effective and beneficial to society as a whole? Here in America, our criminal system is very militaristic, we are punishers. But maybe it’s time for that to change. Before the 1970’s, American prisons held the mental and psychological need of criminals in a very high regard. There were mental health professionals working in every prison, and criminals were given important training and treatment needed for a smooth and successful transition back into society.
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More than 90 percent of prisoners return to the community within a few years (otherwise our prisons would be even more overcrowded than they already are). That is why it is vitally important how we treat them while they are incarcerated.” So basically our system of just throwing criminals in a cell is doing absolutely nothing for them, and we need to find a way to teach them and help them overcome their wrong-doings. Otherwise the crime problem in this country will never go away. We’ll just put people away, only to have them come back and do something worse, and so on. Something needs to change.
In the same New York Times article mentioned above, Gilligan says “Generations of research has shown that the more severely children are punished, the more violent they become, as children and as adults. The same is true of adults, especially those in prison. So the only rational purpose for a prison is to restrain those who are violent from inflicting harm on themselves or others, while we help them to change their behavior from that pattern to one that is nonviolent and even constructive, so that they can return to the community.” He then goes on to talk about his plan for a new, constructive system that would be rehabilitating rather than punishment. He proposes destroying every prison in America, and putting in their place residential homes that are safe and secure. In these homes, criminals would become more like

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