Punitive Model Of Incarceration During The United States

1321 WordsApr 17, 20176 Pages
Examining the Punitive Model of Incarceration in the United States and the Changes that Brought It About Collin S. Lahr Ball State University Abstract This paper explores several different sources that cover some aspect of how the United States Penal System went from the Rehabilitative Model to a punitive system. Bryan Stevenson and Betsy Matthews have written about how drug enforcement and the “War on Drugs” are responsible. Yeoman Lowbrow’s analysis of the crime rate and statistics will be considered alongside Matthews’ analysis of the different political parties’ changing views. The change in United States sentencing practices as a result will also be considered. In the conclusion a brief summary of a predicted future will be…show more content…
(Stevenson, 2011) Alarmed and Dangerous: A Look at Crime in 1970s-80s America by Yeoman Lowbrow analyzes crime in the 1970s and how it was on the rise. Lowbrow states there were 17,190 cases of forcible rape reported in the 1960s. Compare this to the rates from the 1970s and 1980s; 37,990 and 82,990 respectively. He does the same with serial murderers in the United States. In the 60s there were 19, in the 70s there were 119, and in the 1980s there were 200. (Lowbrow 2014) The online article Corrections, Rehabilitation and Criminal Justice in the United States: 1970-Present blames the Punitive Era on the distrust in our government brought about by the previous decade of civil unrest. After Vietnam, the Civil Rights Movement, and the Attica Prison Riots; America was upset and very distrusting of our government. (Matthews, 2015) Matthews then describes how the Conservatives and Liberals were changing. Conservatives believed that a lenient justice system and the rise of drugs had corrupted our country’s morals. They turned away from rehabilitation and called for much harsher punishments. Liberals believed individualized sentencing had encouraged racism, and they pushed for standardized sentencing and minimal judicial discretion. (Matthews, 2015) “The Growth of Incarceration in the United States: Exploring Causes and Consequences” by Jeremy Travis,
Open Document