Pure Methamphetamine And Its Effect On The Central Nervous System

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Pure methamphetamine, commonly known as ‘P’ in New Zealand, is a powerfully addictive synthetic stimulant, which dramatically affects the central nervous system. Methamphetamine was first synthesized in Japan in 1893 from ephedrine and by World War II it was being widely used to combat battle fatigue. After the surrender of Japan large stockpiles of amphetamine made their way into civilian markets, while in the United States it had been prescribed and used for ailments such as weight loss and depression until the early 1960s. After being banned by health officials in 1963, the first Clandestine Laboratory for the illicit manufacture of methamphetamine was discovered in the United States. Since the re-emergence of methamphetamine on the global scene, it is estimated by the United Nations that the number of world-wide users of amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) has stabilised at about 25 million people, with levels of ATS use in Oceania considered higher than anywhere else. New Zealand has been considered in recent years to have some of the highest prevalence rates in the world. With world-wide production of methamphetamine thought to have stabilised in 2005 at between 360 and 880 tonnes, countries have struggled to contain the trade in precursor chemicals and the resulting manufacture both domestically and internationally with organised criminal entities seizing on the demand for the drug and the ease of manufacture.
Methamphetamine, now second only to cannabis
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