Though specific subject selection criteria are not mentioned in the article, subject selection bias is not observed as cases reported in this article include both sexes, age range reported is broad from 31 to 70 years old the location and clinical appearance of each oral lesion were different. Author has reported and discussed each case and analyzed similarities and differences in all case reports. As per my opinion this study has following issues:
The human oral cavity is prone to many lesions that can occur due to, diseases, injury, age or genetics. Five lesions that occurred in the human mouth are: hairy leukoplakia, lingual varicosities, traumatic ulceration, bifid tongue, and macroglossia. Some of these lesions can be benign or malignant depending on its etiology, and how treatable the lesion is once it has been spotted at the mouth.
Though the etiology is uncertain, the underlying pathogenesis involves activation of pulmonary macrophages. These, in turn, recruits mononuclear cells to the pulmonary interstitium leading to the formation of granulomas. Sarcoid granulomas are immune granulomas resulting from a specific cell-mediated immune response to an antigenic agent. Monocytes/macrophages are the first cells to be recruited to the site of a developing granuloma. If the antigenic agent responsible for their recruitment is not totally or slowly degraded, they accumulate and progressively mature into epithelioid cells. Simultaneously, T lymphocytes infiltrate into these cell aggregates which organize into compact granulomas. They are made of epithelioid cells, so called because of their resemblance with epithelial cells in light microscopy, and T lymphocytes.
Mass removal is surgery done to remove a mass and the skin surrounding it. This is done to examine wither the mass is neoplastic. Neoplasia must be differentiated as either being benign or malignant. Benign tumors grow locally but can cause harm if pressing against vital organs or vessels. Malignant tumors can spread through other parts of the body and can destroy body tissue. If caught in the early stages it can be treated with radiation and chemotherapy before the tumor can spread any further.
Skin: skin light beige with yellowish undertone; smooth. Reddish/pink scab on back of head and anterior right hand; purple ecchymosis on anterior lower right arm; no tenderness; yellowish nails with dirt under the nail; no clubbing; capillary refill <3 seconds; skin turgor: brisk recoil.
Fortunately most adult lymphangiomas are encapsulated or partially limited, and surgical removal is enabled.  Therefore surgical excision is the treatment of choice. Capsulated lesion is not always completely enclosed and cellular infiltration in the adjacent tissues may exist. For the effective treatment the excisional margin should be placed over the normal tissue without damaging vital structures. The surgical ablation is often
Granulomatous tissue is a typically small area of inflammatory cells that have fused together, to create large multinucleated cells to fight against infectious bacteria. Granulomas are most prominently located in the lung, though they can also be found throughout various parts of the body, often due to prolonged infection. The inflammation in granulomas, is a cell-mediated hypersensitive reaction to persistent micro bacteria, often found in pulmonary infections, whether it be a fungal, bacterial, parasitic or mycobacterial infection. Most commonly, granulomatous tissue is found to be associated with the mycobacterial infection that is Tuberculosis. Tuberculous is caused by a persistent bacterium, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and is very
A total of 1855 biopsy specimens were accessioned at our biopsy services during the study period (2002 – 2006). In this period, 37 cases were salivary gland neoplasms accounting to 1.99% of all biopsy specimens accessioned. Of 37 cases, 11 were benign neoplasms (29.72%) and 26 were malignant (70.27%). The common tumors overall was Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) and Muco-epidermoid carcinoma (MEC) (Table 1).
Gingival Cyst: has the same type of epithelial lining as the lateral periodontal cyst and is located in the same area, but it lateral periodontal cyst does not have clinical manifestation.
Providing sub-gingival margins provides excellent aesthetics, but at the same time acts as a permanent irritant to the periodontium. A high degree chance of Biologic width encroachment exists when planning for subgingival restorations. Hence, limiting subgingival margin extension to 0.5-1.0 mm is recommended because as it is highly difficult for the clinician to detect where the sulcular epithelium ends and the junctional epithelium begins (Nugula et al. 2012).
The most common sites are in your armpits (axillae), areas around your anus and vagina (Bartholin gland abscess), the base of your spine (pilonidal abscess), around a tooth (dental abscess), and in your groin. Inflammation around a hair follicle can also lead to the formation of an abscess, which is called a boil (furuncle).