Pyschoanalytic Personalities Essay Notes

9106 Words Sep 12th, 2011 37 Pages
Individual Psychoanalytic Personality Assessment | Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper analyzing the components of the psychoanalytic approach to personality. Your paper should cover the following areas: * Compare and contrast the psychoanalytic theories of Freud, Jung, and Adler. What are two characteristics of these theories with which you agree? What are two characteristics with which you disagree? * Describe the stages of Freud’s theory and explain characteristics of personality using these components. * Describe uses of at least three Freudian defense mechanisms with real-life examples.Include an introduction and conclusion in your paper. Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines. | 8/31/11 by 6pm | 12 | …show more content…
This rejection in turn might increase his inner feelings of worthlessness, leading to even more aggressive compensation—and a maddening spiral has begun. As the satirist Ambrose Bierce put it in The Devil’s Dictionary (1911), an egotist is “A person of low taste, more interested in himself than in me.”
The Evolution of Adler’s Theory
Adler’s theory underwent a series of changes as his thoughts about human motivations changed. The first concept he described was that of organ inferiority—the idea that everyone is born with some physical weakness. It is at this “weak link,” says Adler, that incapacity or disease is most likely to take root, and so the body attempts to make up for the deficiency in another area. He contended that these infirmities (and perhaps more important, individual reactions to them) were important motivators of people’s life choices.
A short time later, Adler added the concept of the aggression drive to his model. He believed that drives could be either directly effective or reversed into an opposite drive (similar to a Freudian defense mechanism). Aggression was particularly important to Adler because he believed it was a reaction to perceived helplessness or inferiority—a lashing out against the inability to achieve or master something.
Adler’s next step was what he termed the masculine protest. He did not mean, however, that only boys experienced this

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