Q's on Forests

4908 Words Oct 6th, 2012 20 Pages
(Q.)
What is Devsari or Dand?
(1 Mark)
(Ans)
Devsari or Dand was a small token fee paid by people of other villages bordering thevillages of Bastar. It was charged when someone from the other village wanted to have some forest products fromBastar.
(Q.)How did the forest laws initiate the scope of employment?
(1 Mark)
(Ans)
Many communities left their traditional occupation and started trading of forest products or other economic activities. For example, the Mundurucu people in Brazil who started collecting latex from wild rubber trees became totally dependent on rubber trades in the later years.
(Q.)
Who could hunt according to the new Forest Law?
(1 Mark)
(Ans)

The customary practice of hunting was strictly prohibited by the Forest
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(1 Mark)
(Ans)
The Forest Act brought severe hardships for villagers across the country. After the Act, their everyday practices – cutting wood, grazing of cattle, collection of fruits and roots, hunting and fishing were treated as illegal activities. People were forced to steal wood from the forests and when caught, were at the mercy of the forest guards.
(Q.)
What are the recent developments in forestry?
(3 Marks)
(Ans)

1) The concept of forest management has changed since 1980. It was observed by the government that implementation of strict forest laws was leading to stealing of timbers and illegal hunting.
2) Forest dwellers were kept away from the implementation procedure of these laws andtherefore, it generated conflict between the two parties – the government and the villagers.
3) Indian adivasis preserve the forest land and resources and therefore, the government is involving local people in the matters like safetyand security of forest land, forest products and wild animals.
(Q.)
Elaborate some of the activities of the people of Bastar.
(3 Marks)
(Ans)

1) The people of Bastar believe deeply in the village and its offerings. Since the village peopleknow the boundaries of the village, they look after the natural resources.
2) If people from a village want to take some wood from the forests of another village, they pay a small fee called devsari, dand or man in exchange. Some villages also protect their forests by

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