Qualitative Research Essay

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Qualitative Research in Nursing Date of last revision : January 28, 2011 “Not everything that counts can be counted, and not everything that can be counted counts” -Albert Einstein INTRODUCTION • Qualitative research methods have become increasingly important as ways of developing nursing knowledge for evidence-based nursing practice. Qualitative research answers a wide variety of questions related to nursing's concern with human responses to actual or potential health problems. (Ploeg J, 1999) • Qualitative research is a type of scientific research which has its roots in philosophy and human sciences. • Qualitative research plays an important part in providing evidence for practice in nursing, and is gaining greater…show more content…
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH • The key difference between quantitative and qualitative methods is their flexibility. • In qualitative methods, the relationship between the researcher and the participant is often less formal than in quantitative research Quantitative Research Qualitative Research General framework • Seek to confirm hypotheses • Postivist paradigm • Seek to explore phenomena • Naturalistic paradigm Objectives • To predict & control • To understand (what, how, & why) Tools • Highly structured methods: questionnaires, surveys, and structured observation • Use semi-structured methods: in-depth interviews, focus groups, and participant observation Design • Rigid design • Controlled & experimental • Emergent design Focus • Prediction • Outcomes • Generalisability • Rich “thick” description • Similarities & contrasts • Process & context Nature of data analysis • Statistical • Non-statistical Sampling • Relatively large samples using often random sampling • Small samples using purposive, convenient or snaw ball sampling technique. METHODS OF COLLECTING DATA Obtrusive • Semi structured interviews • In-depth interviews • Focus Group Discussions • Ethnography • Participatory Action Research • Narrative and Life History • Participant observation Unobtrusive methods • Simple observation • Document analysis (written records) • Audio-visual • Text analysis / Discourse analysis •
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