Qualitative and Quantitive Article Review

2792 Words12 Pages
Quantitive and Qualitative Article Review
Kristi Schneider
Walden University
NURS-4000 Res/Scholarshp Evid-based Prac2016
Quantitive and Qualitative Article Review Quantitive and qualitative studies in research are an important aspect of the nursing profession. Researching and reviewing quantitive and qualitative articles is a process of systematic examination of materials to enhance, validate and learn new knowledge (Schmidt and Brown, 2012, p. 67). As Schmidt and Brown (2012) state, quantitive research design is used to predict relationships and explain relationships and causality whereas qualitative research design gives meaning to events of phenomenon’s (p.72). The purpose of this paper is to identify and
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difficile before and after interventions were applied in the chosen time frames. The total sample size of this literature review was 336 individuals. The sample is representative because there does not appear to be instances of selection bias. Since the study was performed on a broad range of patients and 156,956 hospitals days in 2009 and 166,838 hospital days in 2010, it is unlikely that the sample is skewed. The sample size was also adequate as the research team literature review did a great job determining how many samples would be needed.
Results of Data Analysis Quantitive data uses statistics to describe the sample represented (Schmidt and Brown, 2012). In the article reviewed, “A Bundle Strategy Including Patient Hand Hygiene to Decrease Clostridium difficile Infections” (Pokrywka, et al., 2014), the rate of C. difficile infections were calculated using chi-square test. According to Schmidt and Brown (2012), the chi-square statistic finds differences between groups of demographic variables (Schmidt & Brown, 2012 p.328 ). In this article review, the data analysis procedure calculated the rate of C. difficile infections in the categories, health acquired and health acquired extended rates as the numerator, and inpatient days as the denominator and multiplied by 10,000 (per 10,000 patient days). After monthly rates from July 2008 to June 2009 were compiled, the results were 10.45, with 164 cases (129 HA cases and 35 HAE cases) in
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