Quantitative Research Critique

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This critique reviewed a quantitative study based upon palliative care and how it met emotional or spiritual needs of the families of patients with serious illnesses. The critique used eight criteria to analyze the quantitative study. The criteria include the identification of the problem, the determination of the purpose of the study, the review of the literature, the selection of the sample size and the research design, methods for collecting the data, the analysis of the data, study findings as well as the utilization of study findings.

Quantitative Research Critique

Quantitative research is concerned with objectivity, tight controls over the research situation, and the ability to generalized findings (Nieswiadomy, 2008, p.
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Palliative care can be of great significance to nursing and healthcare as patients and family members who have access to this service report higher satisfaction (Kaiser Health News, 2010). The researchers used a simple and low costing method of contacting patient families by telephone interview. A computerized program was used to analyze data (Gelfman et al., 2008).

The Review of the Literature Gelfman et al. reviewed the literature before beginning this quantitative study. The previous study has shown that hospitalized patients with terminal illnesses and their families need care to alleviate physical distress, help making decisions, improvement in relationship between patients and their families, and the reduction of the family caregivers’ burden. Another study found that comparing with people dying at home, people dying in healthcare settings had unmet needs they wanted. The prevalence of terminal illnesses and the family caregivers’ burden have created an enormous demand for expert palliative care. Unfortunately, the scientific knowledge of palliative care is limited. Gelfman et al. (2008) stated that the impact of hospital palliative care programs on surviving family members is not well studies, while the previous studies have explored that the burden in families of patients with terminal illnesses are significant high. Therefore, Gelfman et al. conducted a quantitative study to examine the impact of a hospital palliative care
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