Quantitative Research Publication Critique. The Perceptions

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Quantitative Research Publication Critique
The perceptions of being restrained for some intensive care unit (ICU) patients, may not be memorable, but for others, the experience can be traumatic (Clukey, Weyant, Roberts, & Henderson, 2014). Historically, patients were primarily restrained as a safety precaution or to prevent inadvertent tube and device removals (Zun, 2005). Hevener, Rickabaugh, and Marsh (2016) conducted a quantitative study centered on reducing the use of restraints by incorporating the use of a “decision support tool” (DST) (p. 479) to assist the clinical staff in deciding which patients may be appropriate to safely remain without restraints. The authors documented the study in an article entitled “Using a Decision
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The quasi-experimental research design was used in this study by Hevener et al. (2016), to explore the cause and effect relationship of the DST on the reduction in the number of restraints used in the ICU. The scope of this study included the participation of all 32 clinical staff members assigned to an eight-bed ICU at a major trauma center in California (Hevener et al., 2016). The study participants completed a checklist each shift documenting the use of the DST, the outcomes related to restraint use, and any adverse effects noted related to medical devices (Hevener et al., 2016). Once the control data was collected, the study participants received online as well as individualized education related to the use of a DST, the indications for restraint use and alternatives to use prior to the use of the restraints (Hevener et al., 2016).
Data Collection, Analysis, and Reporting
As part of the data collected in this study, researchers gathered questionnaires completed by the participants, documenting their perceptions and beliefs related to the use of restraints and DST, both, prior to the start of the study, and at the conclusion of the study (Hevener et al., 2016). During the first month of the study, the participants completed a questionnaire for each patient, documenting every shift whether a medical device was inadvertently removed and
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