Quantitative vs Qualitative Research Design Essay

1657 Words7 Pages
The foundational difference between the two methodologies of quantitative and qualitative research is that they stem from differing ideas on the nature of ‘reality’. Whereas the quantitative concept of reality is an objective one proven to be true by empirical evidence, qualitative’s concept of ‘reality’ is based on personal perception. Qualitative methodology suggests that as ways of perceiving the would are unique that reality itself is subjective (Alston & Bowles, 2012, pp. 12-16). In other words, “reality is ‘socially constructed” (Alston & Bowles, 2012, p.13). Quantitative research design encompasses methods which focus on numbers, that is, quantities. The data collected in this design is usually in numbers which are then analyzed…show more content…
This method normally looks for meanings of concepts. It attempts to seek description and characteristics of things including feelings, attitudes, symbols and signs. This methodology is in stark contrast to realism, taking a subjective rather than objective view of reality. In order to illustrate points of difference between the two methodologies it will help to periodically refer to examples from specific studies. In 1986 two Australians, Paul Amato and Gay Ochiltree set out to study the correlation between structural family resources (i.e., family income, parent's occupational status, parent's education, etc.) and family process resources (i.e., parent's aspirations and expectations; the amount of help, interest, and attention given) to determine their assistance with reading ability, self-esteem, everyday skills, and social competence of participants ranging from children to adolescents (Amata & Ochiltree, 1986, p. 47). This quantitative study will be referred to as research study one (RS1). In 2006 Agabrian published a study titled “Relationships between school and family: the adolescents' perspective”. His purpose was to explore what “perceptions, representations and behavioral patterns the adolescents have towards their parents' involvement in education and towards the relationships between school and family” (Agabrian, 2006, para. 1). This is an exploratory case study project. This qualitative study will be referred to as research study two (RS2). The
Open Document