Questions On Meeting On Monday

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201 Name: Morgan Sharp
Exam 4
As discussed in the class meeting on Monday, this is the electronic version of the examination due on Wednesday, December 10, by 4 p.m. (extended from the December 8 date listed on the syllabus). The course meeting on Monday, December 8 will be devoted mainly to questions you may have regarding the development of your answers. Please use this form for answering the questions. Note that you can expand the space available for any answer. Answers must be TYPED. References to your source for information must be included; note that if the question is about Heckenberger 's book, page numbers are crucial (although NOT crucial for the other books). Print one-sided and paper clip together. (Do not staple.) The
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Therefore, the history of the Xinguano is traced back to the starting point of the diaspora of the southern Amazonia, when specifically Arawakan languages was present among early speakers. This spread across the Amazon and contiguous areas, and established fundamental Xinguano culture patterns, “in terms of economy, technology, spatial organization, and regional distributions.” (Heckenberger, PG 324). Heckenberger makes it clear that despite the diversity of the Xinguanos due to their permeable spatial boundaries, there is a distinct connection that links to the Arawak groups through the regional cultures (Heckenberger, PG 49). The Arawak diaspora ultimately began in the Xingu basin, and as it spread outwards, it culturally shaped the Xinguanos.

2A. According to Heckenberger, how long has the society he is analyzing been in existence and in what manner does archaeology help prove this? (3 points.)

Xinguano cultural history can be traced over the past one thousand years in the Upper Xingu region, as shown in the title of Heckenberger’s book. Specifically the term cultural history is vital to this claim, because even though there may have been inhabitants/human occupation in the land that has lasted over 1,000 years, it does not imply that there was society, because society relies on power/a state/government and social class. He also supports this claim of existence when stating, “This work aims to
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