Questions On Multicultural Education : The Material Presented Goes Along With Our Weekly Reading Assignments

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I have enjoyed the individual presentations. The material presented goes along with our weekly reading assignments in the Koppelman text. I have been learning ways of incorporating these topics into teaching and in my curriculum. I will be highlighting the presentations of Sarah, Virginia, Jessica and Ericka.
Sarah Sponsel’s topic was multicultural education. Caleb Rosado shares that a school can be multicultural based on whether or not it uses the Five Ps. The five Ps are perspectives, policies, programs, personnel, and practices. The schools must also implement the four imperatives. The imperatives are: 1. Reflect the heterogeneity of the school; 2. Are sensitive to the needs of the various groups comprising the student population; 3.
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Educators should take time to learn about the cultures of their students. This would prohibit teachers from reacting harshly when a student does not look the teacher in the eye or respond right away when the student is being punished. Certain cultures teach children to not look elders in the eye when they are being yelled at, and it is a sign of disrespect if a child talks back to his or her elders. Koppelman discusses the communication model, and it requires individuals to assess each other’s attitudes, to question their own assumptions, to refrain from making judgments, and to be aware of the messages made by nonverbal communication (Koppelman, 2017, 48).
Jessica Moreno presented about special education (SPED) and 504. Her topic was then and now, but there’s really not a then and now since the issue is still present. Equality in education can be affected by both quality and access to services. Minority students continue to be overrepresented in special education. Specifically, African-American children tend to be overrepresented in disability categories (West-Olatunji, Baker, & Brooks, 2006). Labeling hurts a child’s self-image and self-esteem.
There is a disproportionate representation of minority students in special education. There are three main reasons why it is a high concern: 1. There are potentially negative effects of stigmatizing labels; 2. There
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