Questions On Philosophy And The Various Definitions Of Philosophy

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Question No.1
a. Discuss various definitions of philosophy and choose the one which seems to you to be the best.
A: The word “philosophy” is derived from Greek word “philosophia” it means “love of wisdom”. It is the study of common and basic problems such as those connected with existence knowledge, values, and language.
There are some definitions of philosophy:
Philosophy is an academic discipline that exercises reason and logic in an attempt to understand reality and answer fundamental questions about knowledge, life, morality and human nature. The ancient Greeks, who were among the first to practice philosophy, coined the term, which means “love of wisdom.”
Philosophy is the science of wisdom. It is to question the meaning of life from the
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The rightness of moral values cannot be defined logically.
2. Naturalism:-
Naturalism is the belief that only natural laws, principles and forces work in the world. Beyond the natural world any thought is not existed.
Naturalists define that all the structure and phenomenon of the natural universe is based on the natural laws. Any change in the world at every step is done by these laws. Natural properties properly explained the rightness of moral values.
For example premarital relations are morally bad so anyone should not do it because it is not right and has bad effects by the observation of science.
3. Deontology:
It focuses on the consequences of our actions and believes when faced with life choices you should work according to duty. According to deontologist morality is a duty and responsibility for everyone.
4. Virtue:
Virtue is very different from other ethical theories because it looks at individual character of a person. When observing an unethical condition the virtue theory considers the person’s character and intension for committing the
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It is a theory that considers moral obligations which are based on the individual environment relativism determines those morals and ethics which are observed by the society. According to it each and every society and culture has its own beliefs and each culture is assess according to its specific cultural patterns and influences.
. Naturalism deserves our attention: Naturalism deserves our attention because it plays vital role in the educational system. Through it students can choose right way for their bright future. Teachers should teach the moral values, ethics to the students. Students should have the knowledge about the moral values by which they can discriminate between right and wrong. Students can easily properly understand what is right and what is
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