Questions On The And The Doctrine Of God

2357 Words Jul 31st, 2014 10 Pages
On How to Beg God to Exist

Man loves God. It is as natural a love to Man as any other is. For millennia the notion of divinity has ruled the minds of peoples the world over, its power to foster social cohesion and social conflict at the heart of its aversion to senescence. However, can such a consequential notion have as its foundation a logical proof? Arguments in the affirmative abound. Let us examine one in particular, that of St. Thomas Aquinas, the Five Ways. As we do this, we will consider Søren Kierkegaard’s claim that any logical proof of God’s existence assumes God already exists, that God is necessary for reality to exist (Swenson). Let us establish the logical proof offered by Aquinas and then determine whether we could reach the same conclusions assuming God does not exist, and employ Occam’s razor.
The Way of Motion
a) Nothing can be reduced from a state of potentiality into a state of actuality, unless by something already in a state of actuality.
b) Nothing can be both moved and mover, or the mover of itself, from the same point of view and in the same sense.
c) Whatever is in motion is put in motion by another.
d) This cannot go on infinitely.
e) Therefore, the First Mover must be what we understand as God.
Point d) of the argument is where Aquinas reveals that he has already assumed God’s existence. Aquinas states with certainty that an infinite causal loop is impossible, but does not explain why (Kessler, 574). Why must this be the case? Even if the…
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